عنوان مقاله [English]
Nowadays, the use of proper irrigation methods to increase the productivity of water use in the agricultural sector due to the limited water resources is considered essential. The aim of the present research was designed with the economical assessment of irrigation different methods (drip irrigation, center pivot and fixed classical sprinkler irrigation) in using new(solar) and traditional (network) energies in irrigated wheat production. This research carried out in Alborz province in 2016 and 2017. In this research, at first, water requirement of this product was determined by Karaj condition and then, the cost and benefits of irrigation different methods using electricity network and solar power in the production of wheat was determined. For economic analysis in order to selecting the best irrigation method used Partial Budgeting Method. In this method, used Cost and Benefits and Marginal Net Benefits. According to the results, water saving in drip irrigation, center pivot to fixed classical sprinkler irrigation were estimated 22.8 and 17.6 percent, respectively. That means the net Benefits of wheat production in fixed classical sprinkler irrigation, center pivot and drip irrigation using electricity network were estimated 84.6, 85.6 and 90.7 Iranian million rials per ha and using solar power were estimated 72.4, 79.7 and 85.3 Iranian million rials per ha. In general, drip irrigation system using electricity network was recommended as better treatment and economic in wheat production, because, substitution of others systems instead of this method, Marginal Net Benefits in this substitution would decrease.